Common Name Fragrant spring tree, Chinese Mahogany/ Chinese Cedar/ 香椿
Form large tree
Edible greens, fodder
The young leaves are extensively used as a vegetable in China; they have a floral, yet onion-like flavor. Plants with red young leaves are considered of better flavor than those where the young leaves are green. Young shoots and leaves are cooked, rich in vitamin A, the leaves also contain about 6% protein, 1% fat, 6.6% carbohydrate, 1.5% ash. The leaves can be used as a tea substitute.
The timber is hard and reddish; it is valuable, used for furniture making and for bodies of electric guitars. Being a "true mahogany", it is the most sought after replacement for Swietenia mahogany ("genuine mahogany") which is now commercially restricted from being sourced natively.
Outside of its native region it is valued more as a large ornamental tree for its haggard aspect. It is by far the most cold-tolerant species in the Meliaceae and the only member of the family that can be cultivated successfully in northern Europe.
The bark is astringent, carminative, febrifuge, ophthalmic and styptic. A decoction is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, chronic dysentery, flatulence, bloody stools, seminal emissions, leucorrhoea, metrorrhagia and gonorrhoea.