Common Name bush clover
Dynamic Accumulator Yes
Lespedeza capitata is a species of flowering plant in the Fabaceae, or legume family, and is known by the common name roundhead bushclover, or roundhead lespedeza. It is native to eastern North America, including eastern Canada and the eastern half of the United States.
This plant is a perennial herb with erect stems growing up to 1.5 m tall. The taproot may grow over two meters deep into the soil, with lateral roots reaching out one meter horizontally. The alternately arranged leaves are each made up of several leaflets. The plant is coated in silvery hairs. Flowers are borne in somewhat rounded clusters atop each stem. The flower is white with a purple spot.
In the wild this plant grows in wooded areas, on prairies, and in disturbed habitat such as roadsides. It is tolerant of drought. It fixes nitrogen.
The plant contains several biologically active compounds. Pharmaceutical preparations are manufactured from them. An extract of the plant is of disputed utility in chronic kidney disease . Experimentally, it has demonstrated antitumor activity against Walker-256 carcinosarcoma and is also reportedly effective in lowering blood cholesterol levels. It is also believed to reduce blood levels of nitrogen compounds in persons with high nitrogen levels in their urine. The root has been used as an antidote to poisoning. The stems have been used in moxibustion in the treatment of neuralgia and rheumatism.