Common Name cornelian cherry
Fruit can be eaten raw, dried or used in preserves. Juicy, with a nice acid flavor. The fully ripe fruit has a somewhat plum-like flavor and texture and is very nice eating, but the unripe fruit is rather astringent. It is rather low in pectin and so needs to be used with other fruit when making jam. Jam can be made with low-acid fruits such as pear, apple, elderberry, plum and melon and pumpkin. At one time the fruit was kept in brine and used like olives. The fruit is a reasonable size, up to 15mm long, with a single large seed. A small amount of edible oil can be extracted from the seeds. Seeds can be roasted, ground into a powder and used as a coffee substitute\.
Wood from this tree is very hard, it is highly valued by turners. The wood is heavier than water and does not float. It is used for tools, machine parts, etc. It is amongst the hardest woods that grow in Europe.
Can be used in hedgerows, which was used traditionally in parts of Germany.